When a student attends the elementary or secondary school level, the Family Education Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) gives the parent and the student rights to access and control the student's educational records. Once a student enrolls in a post-secondary school, FERPA transfers ownership of the records directly to the student.
FERPA FOR PARENTS
According to FERPA, college students (regardless of their age) are considered responsible adults and are allowed to determine who will receive information about them. While parents understandably have an interest in a student's academic progress, they are not automatically granted access to a student's records without documented consent from the student. Information regarding education records is best obtained by direct communication between the parent and the student.
Parents, like any other third party, may obtain directory information at the discretion of the institution. A student may provide parental access to his/her financial bill and education records by adding them as an Authorized User to their UC information.
If the parent has provided to the Registrar's Office evidence that they declare the student as a dependent on their most recent Federal Income Tax form (Form 1040), then access to education records may be allowed.
Also, parent(s) may be notified if a student under 21 years of age is found responsible for a violation involving use or possession of alcohol and drugs. FERPA regulations allow, but do not require, higher education institutions to provide notice to parents when a student violates federal, state, or local laws related to alcohol or drugs.
In case of emergency, if the non-directory information is needed to resolve a crisis or emergency situation, an education institution may release that information if the institution determines that the information is necessary to protect the health or safety of the student or other individuals. Factors considered in making this assessment are: the severity of the threat to the health or safety of those involved; the need for the information; the time required to deal with the emergency; and the ability of the parties to whom the information is to be given to address the emergency.