What is Title IX?
Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972 was the first comprehensive federal law to prohibit sex discrimination against students and employees of educational institutions.
Title IX benefits all community members, and is at the heart of efforts to create gender equitable schools. The law requires educational institutions to maintain policies, practices and programs that do not discriminate against anyone based on sex. Title IX states:
"No person in the U.S. shall, on the basis of sex be excluded from participation in, or denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal aid."
Examples of the types of conduct that violates Title IX include, but are not limited to:
- sexual harassment and sexual misconduct (includes sexual assault, domestic violence, dating violence, and stalking)
- discrimination on the basis of sex in all student services and academic programs. This includes areas such as admissions, financial aid, academic advising, residence life and housing, health services, counseling, registration, and activities related to classroom requirements (such as class projects, grading, etc.)
- discrimination on the basis of sex in terms of employment and recruitment consideration or selection
- failure to provide equal opportunity in athletics
To enforce Title IX, the U.S. Department of Education maintains an Office for Civil Rights, with headquarters in Washington, DC and 12 offices across the United States.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights. Title IX and Sex Discrimination