Biology - Course Descriptions
Major in Biology


Course Descriptions 2006-07

BIO 101 – Human Anatomy and Physiology I
(4) F,U
Structure and function of the human
body, including cells, tissue, skin and the
skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems.
May not be taken by biology majors
except by special permission.

BIO 102 – Human Anatomy and Physiology II
(4) S,U
A continuation of Biology 101 examining
the structure and function of the
human body including the endocrine,
reproductive, cardiovascular, lymphatic,
respiratory, urinary, and digestive systems.
Prerequisite: Biology 101 or permission
of instructor.

BIO 111 – Human Ecology
(3) Y
A study of the principles of ecosystem
function covering such topics as energy
flow, food chains, nutrition and nutrient
cycling, populations, and communities.
Knowledge of these principles will be
applied to the human species and its role
in ecosystems. (Lecture only.) Open to
all majors, but may not count as a major
elective for biology majors.

BIO 111L – Human Ecology Laboratory
(1) F, S
Scientific methodology and its applications
for the non-science major.
Biodiversity, symbiosis, evolution, population
dynamics, genetics, energy, pH,
and site visits. Corequisite: BIO 111.

BIO 112 – Human Sexuality
(3) F
Exploration of the nature and historical
perceptions of human sexuality, its biological
foundations, social and behavioral
implications, cross-cultural comparisons,
encouraging personal reflection
and self-discovery while improving
interpersonal communication and
understanding. Open to all majors but
may not count as a major elective for
biology majors as Biology 112. Same as
Psychology 207.

BIO 113 – Human Genetics
(3) F
Designed for those generally interested,
this course considers fundamental principles
of human genetics and the social,
medical, and moral issues raised by current
research in such areas as race,
behavior, intelligence, and genetic engineering.
(Lecture only.) Open to all
majors, but may not count as a major
elective for biology majors.

BIO 201 – Gross Anatomy
(4) F
Human anatomy with emphasis on
structure and function of the neuromusculoskeletal
system of the extremities
and back. Laboratory involves examination
and identification of these structures
through dissection of human
cadavers. Open only to students accepted
in Occupational Therapy or Physical
Therapy programs or with permission of
the instructor. Prerequisites: Biology 101
and 102.

BIO 202 – Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology
(4) S
Study of the structures and functions of
the human nervous system as a basis for
clinical treatment techniques. May not
be taken by biology majors except by
special permission. Prerequisite: Biology
201 or permission of instructor.

BIO 203 – Microbiology
(4) S
Introduction to microbiology with
emphasis on pathogenic micro-organisms,
their role in disease, their inhibition and
destruction; principles and techniques of
bacteriology. Not open to biology majors.
Prerequisites: Biology 101 and 102.

BIO 205 – Human Nutrition
(3) F
Study of dietary factors required for
human growth and health, underlying
bases of these requirements, and specific
components available to meet these
needs. Prerequisites or corequisites:
Chemistry 211 and Biology 102.

BIO 208 – Pharmacology and Pathophysiology
(3) S
Relationship between physiology, pathophysiology,
and pharmacology.
Theoretical understanding of physical
assessment in clinical practice.
Prerequisites: Biology 101, Biology 102,
Chemistry 211, or permission of instructor.

BIO 211 – General Biology I
(4) F,U
Study of life as characterized by cell
organization and structure, release and
utilization of energy, photosynthesis,
growth and reproduction, interaction
with the environment, Mendelian inheritance,
genetic technology, and change
over time. Laboratory experiences reflect
lectures and expose students to scientific
methodology, hypothesis building and
testing, various qualitative and quantitative
data collection and analysis.

BIO 212 – General Biology II
(4) S
Diversity of life approached through the
unifying theme of evolution. Comparative
study of the form and function of
representative species. Laboratory
emphasizes comparative anatomy studies
of the structural components of various
organisms. Prerequisite: Biology 211
or permission of instructor.

BIO 214 – Biology of Aging
(3) S
Study of the effects that age related and
age associated cellular and organismic
changes have on the human aging
process. Open to all majors, but may not
count as a major elective for biology
majors. Same as Gerontology 214.

BIO 231 – Research Methods I
(3) S
Introduction to experimental design and
analysis. Evaluate merit and content of
primary literature, critique oral presentations
by researchers, use computer
spreadsheets and statistical software for
data organization, graphical and written
presentation, and data analysis.
Corequisites: Biology 211 or 212, or permission
of instructor.

BIO 232 – Research Methods II
(3) F
Research design and presentation.
Writing research papers using specific
journal format and word processing
software, graphical and oral presentation
of research projects, writing letters of
application and résumés, and critiquing
oral presentations of researchers.
Prerequisites: Biology 231 or permission
of instructor.

BIO 321 – Genetics
(4) F
A course concerned with the fundamental
mechanisms of inheritance and their
consequences as viewed from the molecular,
cellular, organismal, and population
levels. Laboratory exercises explore
classical patterns of inheritance and
modern molecular genetic techniques.
Prerequisites: Biology 211, Chemistry
211 and 212, and college algebra or its

BIO 322 – Developmental Biology
(4) O,S
The principles of growth and development
of plants and animals; analysis and
formation of organ systems. The laboratory
involves a descriptive and experimental
study of the general principles of
development in plants and animals.
Prerequisites: Biology 211 and 212.

BIO 323 – Principles of Ecology
(4) O,F
Environmental relationships of plants
and animals, emphasizing community
structure, population interactions and
dynamics, energy relationships, and
nutrient cycling. Laboratory devoted to
field studies of local communities and
populations. Prerequisites: Biology 211
and 212.

BIO 324 – Animal Physiology
(4) S
A descriptive study of the basic physiological
principles of the neurological,
endocrinological, muscular, cardiovascular,
digestive, reproductive, and respiratory
systems. Emphasis is given to the
interrelationships of the physiological
process among these systems through
biofeedback control in maintaining
homeostasis. Laboratory topics concurrent
with lecture. Prerequisites: Biology
212 and Chemistry 212.

BIO 325 – Botany
(4) S
Plant biology investigating plant anatomy,
morphology, ecology, geography,
physiological adaptations, and systematics.
Lecture, field, and laboratory exercises.
Prerequisites: Biology 211, 212 or
permission of instructor.

BIO 327 – Cell Biology
(4) F
Study of the cell as an organism.
Organization and function of subcellular
organelles and cellular interactions in
tissues, emphasis on experimental
methodology. Laboratory introduces
methodology and instrumentation to
investigate structure-function relationships
in cellular structures. Prerequisites:
Biology 211, Chemistry 211 and 212.

BIO 329 – Evolution
(3) O,S
Modern evolutionary analysis of
microevolution, macroevolution, molecular
evolution, population genetics, and
phylogeny reconstruction. Philosophy of
science and experimental design are
studied as they relate to evolutionary
biology. (Lecture only.) Prerequisite:
Biology 212.

BIO 336 – Histology
(4) O,S
Microscopic anatomy of mammals,
focusing on tissue morphology, development
and organization in major organ
systems. Structural aspects of differentiated
tissues and related physiological
function. Lecture and laboratory.
Prerequisites: Biology 121, 122.

BIO 362 – Endocrinology
(3) F
Advanced study on the functional interrelationships
of the endocrine system
within biological organisms. Emphasis
on the endocrine system’s response to
external and internal stimuli in maintaining
homeostasis. Phylogeny of hormones
and clinical dysfunction.
Prerequisite: Biology 324 or permission
of instructor.

BIO 363 – Biochemistry
(3) F
Chemical and biological properties of
the principal components of cellular
metabolism. Emphasis on the interrelation
and controls of the metabolic pathways
involved in energy utilization.
Same as Chemistry 363. Prerequisites:
Chemistry 331 and 332.

BIO 400 – Special Topics in Life Sciences
(1) F,S
Minicourse on varied topics to be determined
by the department each semester.
Format is lecture/discussion with guest
speakers and current literature or laboratory
work. May be repeated once for
credit. Prerequisite: Biology 211 and 212,
or permission of instructor.

BIO 423 – Freshwater Biology
(4) O,F
Inland freshwater habitats covering
physical, chemical, and biological interrelationships.
Sampling and identification
of microscopic and macroscopic
biota; energy cycling; morphometry;
measurement and analysis of light; temperature,
dissolved ions and gases.
Laboratory and field work. Prerequisites:
Biology 211, 212, Chemistry 211, 212,
Biology 323 or permission of instructor.

BIO 432 – Principles of Microbiology
(4) S
Survey of microbial groups including
bacteria, viruses, fungi, protists, and
some invertebrate parasites. Bacterial
structure, physiology, genetics, infection
and disease, and immune response.
Laboratory experience in isolation, culturing,
morphological and biochemical
characterization and identification;
chemical and physical control of microbial
growth. Prerequisites: Biology 211
and Chemistry 211 and 212.

BIO 433 – Parasitology
(4) O,F
Parasitism, host-parasite interactions,
life cycles. Classification, recovery and
identification techniques, microscopic
examination. Human and veterinary
parasitology: socio-economic factors and
the spread of parasites, vectors and disease,
signs and symptoms; treatment of
parasites. Lecture and laboratory.
Prerequisites: Biology 211, 212 or permission
of instructor.

BIO 434 – Mycology
(4) F
Introduction to the Kingdom Fungi
including years, molds, mushrooms,
lichens, Taxonomy, life cycles, anatomy,
physiology. Diseases of humans, domesticated
animals, plants. Beneficial uses of
fungi, mycorrhizae, impact on forestry,
environmental applications. Laboratory
includes field work. Prerequisites:
Biology 211 and 212.

BIO 436 – Biology of Vertebrates
(4) O,S
Vertebrate animals from an evolutionary
perspective. Laboratory emphasizes
comparative anatomy including gross
anatomical and histological material.
Lecture includes ecology, behavior,
anatomy, and evolutionary relationships.
Prerequisite: Biology 212.

BIO 437 – Biology of Invertebrates
(4) O,S
A survey of invertebrate animals from
an evolutionary perspective, including
the ecology, behavior, anatomy, and evolutionary
relationships of major groups.
Laboratory emphasizes comparative
study of form and function of representative
species. Prerequisite: Biology 212.

BIO 450 – Senior Research in Biology
(3) F,S
Supervised independent research at
approved facilities. Two semester commitment
recommended. Applications
must be submitted the semester prior to
starting date. May satisfy Honors
Program requirements. Permission of
department only. May be repeated once
for credit.

BIO 453 – Molecular Biology
(4) O,S
Emphasis on structure, function and
repair of DNA, regulation of gene
expression in bacteria and viruses, and
applications in biotechnology.
Laboratory exercises employ techniques
in recombinant DNA technology in a
gene cloning project. Prerequisite:
Biology 321 or permission of instructor.

BIO 454 – Immunology
(3) O,S
Advanced study of the immune system
in animals. Emphasis on immunochemistry,
cellular immunity, immunopathology,
and role of immune system in
transplantation, cancer, and AIDS.
Prerequisite: Biology 327 or permission
of instructor.

BIO 455 - Virology
(3) O,F
Biology of bacterial, plant, and animal
viruses. Virus structure, infective and
replicative cycles, virus-host interactions.
Role of viruses in infectious disease
and cancer. Viruses as vehicles in
biotechnology and gene therapy.
Prerequisite. Biology 321 or 327.

BIO 470 – Practicum in Biology
(3) F,S
Applied experience in a specific field of
study. Interns will work with or shadow
a professional in an applied area of biology,
prepare a manuscript and oral presentation
describing the experience.
Prerequisite: 25 credits in Biology.

BIO 490 – Independent Study
(3) F,S

BIO 495 – Senior Seminar
(3) IR
Critical analysis of research literature
and integration of diverse disciplines to
foster a more comprehensive understanding
of issues in the biological sciences.
Prerequisites: 25 credits of
Biology coursework.

BIO 489, 499 – Honors Tutorial
Open to students in the Utica College
Honors Program. Original laboratory or
theoretical research with a faculty member.
May meet as Biology 450 or as
Biology 495. Prerequisite: Biology 211
and senior standing.

BIO 538 – Animal Behavior
Evolutionary and ecological approach to
the study of behavior in animals.
Identification of the major patterns and
processes of animal behavior and discussion
of classical and current methodologies
for studying animal behavior.
Prerequisites: BIO 211 and BIO 212 or
by permission of the instructor.

BIO 538L – Animal Behavior Laboratory
Contemporary experimental methods
using ecological and evolutionary

BIO543 – Neuroscience
The nervous system, from building
blocks to brain, including disciplines of
anatomy, physiology, cell biology, and
psychophysics. Critical analysis of the
primary literature.

Note: The figure in parentheses following the title of the course indicates the credit hours per term. Courses that extend through two terms are shown as follows: (3, 3). Courses that are one term only are shown by: (3). Courses with variable credit are shown with the range of credit available, for example: (1-6).

Letters appearing after course credit hours in this section are explained as follows:
U=Summer Session
Y=at least once each academic year Check schedule for Winter Session
O=every other year

The College reserves the right to cancel any course if registration does not justify continuance and to make changes in curricula at any time.


Dr. Daniel Kurtz
Chair of Biology

(315) 792-3923
(315) 792-3006
1600 Burrstone Road | Utica, NY 13502